Guy Fawkes and the story

by Polina

November 5th marks the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot.  This was a conspiracy to blow up the English Parliament and King James I in 1605, the day set for the king to open the Parliament. The anniversary was named after Guy Fawkes, the most famous of the conspirators.

It was intended to be the beginning of a great uprising of English Catholics, who were distressed by the increased severity of penal laws against the practice of their religion. The conspirators, who began plotting early in 1604, expanded their number to a point where secrecy was impossible.

They hired a cellar under the House of Lords, in which 36 barrels of gunpowder, overlaid with iron bars and firewood, were secretly stored. The conspiracy was brought to light through a mysterious letter received by Lord Monteagle, a brother-in-law of Tresham, on October 26, urging him not to attend Parliament on the opening day.

The 1st earl of Salisbury and others, to whom the plot was made known, took steps leading to the discovery of the materials and the arrest of Fawkes as he entered the cellar. Other conspirators, overtaken in flight or seized afterward, were killed outright, imprisoned, or executed.

Guy Fawkes Day, November 5-th, is still celebrated in Great Britain with fireworks and bonfires, on which effigies of the conspirator are burned.
 
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for more information visit www.infoplease.com/spot/guyfawkes.html
 
A good site for children http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/Guy.html.  It explains the story and customs very clearly

Date last modified: Sun 2th February 2014